Wildlife and Natural Environment – A Vital Role in Sustaining Our Collective Future
People today are increasingly becoming aware of the need to maintain and restore the natural environment for sustaining and safeguarding our collective future. The natural environment not only plays a vital role in providing a sustainable future, but essentially improves our eco system by recycling air and water, capturing carbon and storing in peat, soil and woodland, protection against floods, waste purification and many more. Consequently, there has been a tremendous loss of species which eventually is diminishing our quality of life as well as our security in monetary terms. Indeed, several practices have been continuously adopted to protect wildlife habitats and lower the risk of landscapes in the environment where flora and fauna live.
However, it has been determined that there is a high diversity and essential endemism in the flora and fauna, but there are large numbers of threats which species like wild animals, birds, fishes, mammals, reptiles, cetaceans, dragonflies etc. face and are highly threatened with extinction. These are being faced with the threat of extinction mainly because of several human activities taking place in the environment like pollution, unsustainable exploitation and habitat destruction; exponentially increasing droughts in several regions across the globe.